Bronchitis occurs as a result of inflammation of the large bronchi. This inflammation is caused by the presence of harmful pathogens. The causes of bronchitis differ in some cases. The symptoms are all the same. These include fever, fatigue, headache, expectorant cough, wheezing, shortness of breath and occasional chest pains. For what causes bronchitis, treatment is different.
What causes Bronchitis
The main causes of bronchitis are viral and bacterial pathogens according to bronchitisremedy.com. Viral pathogens include the virus of adenoviruses, influenza virus, and rhinoceros. The virus adenoviral can also cause abdominal pain. Viral pathogens are the main causes of bronchitis. Symptoms caused by these pathogens disappear after a few days. Therefore, they do not require treatment. Bacteria that cause bronchitis need treatment with antibiotics and expectorant cough syrup.
At the most basic level, bronchitis affects the lungs, causing infection of the bronchial passages of the person ( a respiratory tract in the lungs).
With bronchial infection, the lung membrane begins to swell due to irritation, becoming much thicker than before infection. This causes the airways in the lungs to become narrow or completely disconnected, resulting in shortness of breath, coughing spells and other symptoms, such as excessive mucus.
Types of Bronchitis
Bronchitis occurs in two known forms: acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis usually lasts from one to three weeks, and the chronic form of the disease can last for three months and even up to two years.
The acute form of bronchitis affects the nose, sinuses, throat, and then spreads to the lungs. This is primarily caused by a viral respiratory infection and can be combined with an additional bacterial infection that affects the person’s airways. Persons who conclude multiple cases of acute bronchitis may eventually contact chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis can cause symptoms such as “breaking” or a loud cough and excessive sputum or mucus.
Chronic bronchitis can be reduced with repeated cases of acute bronchitis and respiratory exacerbation, usually from smoking or exposure to harmful contaminants. Smoke or other contaminants can damage tiny hair-like “brushes” in the lungs, called cilia. These tiny hairs help to drive away debris, irritants, and mucus from within your lungs. The condition is usually diagnosed when you suffer from a cough that causes excessive mucus for more than three months.
Treatment of Bronchitis
A doctor or health care provider will conduct a series of tests for bronchitis symptoms, listening to the lungs with a stethoscope. A chest X-ray can be performed if necessary.
For the treatment of acute bronchitis, the doctor will offer some home remedies to help in the recovery process. Antibiotics are usually prescribed because after a while the virus infection will disappear.
During this period, the doctor or health care provider will recommend the following:
• Avoid smoking or smoking and other harmful fumes.
• Drink plenty of fluids.
• Relax enough.
• Take painkillers, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, especially if you develop febrile symptoms.
• Consume peripheral painkillers such as a cough.
• Use a humidifier at home and especially in places such as a bathroom. Hot sponges or showers can also be used to calm the airways.
Some patients may need to prescribe an inhaler from their doctor to open the airway, in case of wheezing. Secondary bacterial infections can be prescribed antibiotics.